Best Guide: Physiotherapy and Stress Incontinence

Stress incontinence is an involuntary, uncontrolled dribbling urine that occurs when someone coughs, sneezes, laughs loudly, or does any activity that raises intra-abdominal pressure.

Normal conditions allow the urinary bladder to hold urine for long periods of time until the conditions become favorable. If the conditions do not favor, the bladder sphincters can be relaxed by the person. However, certain conditions may cause the pelvic floor muscles to weaken and affect the primary position of the urinary bladder within the pelvic cavity. This could ultimately affect the patency of the sphincters. You can find the best physiotherapy clinic in Toronto at

Stress incontinence can be caused by any condition that affects the strength or stability of the pelvic floor muscles. In order to maintain the integrity of the urinary bladder sphincters in high-pressure situations, injury to the pelvic floor muscles can cause them to weaken. This is five times more common for women than it is for men.

There are other risk factors that increase the risk of stress-related incontinence, such as occupations that require lifting heavy objects like porters, obesity, chronic untreated cough, persistent straining during urination, or bowel movements (e.g., prostatic hyperplasia or history of urinary stone or longstanding constipation), and menopause.

The majority of stress incontinence cases are found in elderly and middle-aged females. Because of possible comorbidities or post-surgical complications, these women are not suitable candidates for surgery. According to research, almost 20% of women over 40 have this problem. This condition can be embarrassing for women and is often under-reported.

Physiotherapy is a great way to manage stress incontinence. Physiotherapy exercises help strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which can prevent stress incontinence or urinary accidents. Stress incontinence can lead to frequent urinary tract infections, social problems, depression, mood issues, and isolation.